On 20th June every year, the world celebrateS the World Refugee Day. This is a special day set aside by the United Nations General Assembly for the world to celebrate and empathize with millions of refuges and internally displaced persons across the world.
In today’s interdependent world, states must perform a constellation of interrelated
functions that range from provision of citizenship rights to promotion of an enabling
environment for the private sector. This multidimensional role stands in marked contrast to the
19th century when states were one-dimensional security providers.
Although globalization of the media means that citizens across the world are aware of
and aspire to the higher levels of opportunity afforded to those living in developed countries, the
This study examined the opportunities and challenges in negotiating trans-boundary
water agreements in Africa since the end of the colonialism, with emphasis being on the Nile
basin. It analysed the topic under the two themes, namely; global trans-boundary water
agreements and opportunities and challenges in negotiating the Nile river treaty. The study
relied on two main sources of information to collect data, namely the primary sources
pursued through interviewed schedules and published secondary sources.