The aim of this research was to examine the role of traditional leaders in conflict management and resolution processes with a focus on the Somalia. The central question examined the role of traditional leaders in the 2002-2004 Somali National Reconciliation Conference (Mbagathi/ Eldoret peace process).The research utilized the mediation, the human needs and the conflict transformation theories. It also uses primary and secondary data to put the topic of study into perspective.
More than 50 peace operations have deployed in Africa since 2000, including multiple African-led or hybrid African Union/United Nations initiatives. The frequency of these deployments underscores the ongoing importance of these operations in the playbook of regional and multilateral bodies to prevent conflict, protect civilians, and enforce ceasefires and peace agreements. Recent operations have featured increasingly ambitious goals and complex institutional partnerships.
The study analyses regional approaches to the governance of internally displaced persons as a special category of people who require unique protection and humanitarian intervention owing to the fact that they have not crossed borders thus cannot be effectively governed by international legal regimes on refugee governance.
The research examines federalism and national stability in Somali. The overall objectives and hypotheses of the study include to provide an overview of the federalist debates and effects on national stability in Somalia. international interventions influence and lack of a central authority on federalism and national stability in Somalia. The research looks into the historical overview on federalism and national stability in Somalia.
The East Africa Community (EAC) is one of the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) in Africa, with integration in the region dating back to pre-colonial times. However, the integration process has achieved less than desired as witnessed with the collapse of the previous EAC in 1977. This study critically reviews the challenges facing economic integration in the EAC by first tracing the history of the integration process, its successes and failures, and identifies the challenges of the present EAC economic integration process. The major conclusions that emerge from the study are:
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has experienced two successive wars, the first was a rebellion which started in 1996 to 1997 and saw the advancement of rebels to Kinshasa and the eventual overthrow of the Mobutu’s regime. The second war started in 1998 to 2002 with the invasion of Eastern Congo by rebels with the support of regional governments, whereas the DRC government had its support from some African countries. The two wars led to loss of life which has been estimated at four million.