“Africa Will Write its Own History and it will be to the North and South of the Sahara, a History of Glory and Dignity” those are the words of the late Patrice Émery Lumumba in one of his quotes.
The end of the Cold War also brought about a dramatic change in Africa’ s International Relations with regards to security. The Soviet Union collapsed and Russia its successor “withdrew” from Africa. The United States and France ceased to make blatant interventions into African conflicts as they had done during the Cold War. The UN learning from its “failures” in Somalia and Rwanda became increasingly cautious about dispatching peacekeeping forces to conflicts in Africa. Against the backdrop of those changes in the international scene African countries began to develop regional International Relations as relatively independent actors.
With this new development there was need to look inside and find African solutions to African challenges. Thus the APRM was established in 2003 as a voluntary mechanism by the AU Member States to find these solutions and advance Africa’s agenda into the 21st Century.
The mandate of the African Peer Review Mechanism is to ensure that the policies and practices of participating states conform to the agreed political, economic and corporate governance values, codes and standards contained in the Declaration on Democracy, Political, Economic and Corporate Governance.