Impacts of National Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Kenya’s Economic Development (2010-2016)

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Climate change is a natural as well as human induced phenomenon. Human activities such as emission of greenhouse gases coerce the climate into changing more rapidly than it should. Climate change includes changes in temperature, precipitation and wind patterns that last for extended periods of time. Climate change is the most serious global challenge of our time. It is the most  significant  economic,  political,  environmental  and  human problem  facing the 21st century. The conference of Rio marked an important segment in climate change negotiations internationally and to date, states still continue to engage in climate change negotiations as well as working collectively to address climate change. Developed and industrialized states are the largest emitters of greenhouse gases but least developed countries especially African countries are the ones most vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change. Climate change and economic development have a link as climate change impacts on economic development. Due to the devastating impacts of climate change states are forced to respond to climate change through

adaptation measures. The Government of Kenya officially acknowledged the problem of climate change in 2010 and formulated its national climate change adaptation strategies in the same year. These adaptation strategies are meant to reduce Kenya‟s vulnerability to the impacts of climate change. Kenya‟s national climate change adaptation strategies impact on Kenya‟s economic development. Government institutions and institutions within the concerned ministries such as the ministry of environment are charged with the mandate of implementing the national climate change adaptation strategies. Successful implementation of climate change adaptation strategies is vital in addressing climate change in Kenya. However, Kenya faces various challenges in its efforts towards adapting to climate change such as low adaptive capacity, lack of effective institutions and poor governance which give rise to extreme levels of corruption among others. Despite the challenges Kenya faces in adapting to climate change, the climate change adaptation strategies   have   positive   impacts   on   Kenya‟s  economic   development   such   as   securing employment for Kenyan citizens and generating foreign exchange for Kenya through tourism

and exports of agricultural products. Climate change adaptation has contributed towards improving the economic and social well-being of Kenyan citizens.

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PROF. AMB. MARIA NZOMO
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