ROLE OF MEDIA IN THE DYNAMIC NATURE OF TERRORISM

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Terrorism is a highly volatile subject especially in the present system that is globalised. A globalised world   refers to one that has become smaller and one that is overlooking physical boundaries in order to enhance intergration. One of the factors enhancing globalization is the media. The media   which is recognised as the fourth estate plays a major   role in creating a pathway that connects the public to the government and vice versa. As a result of globalization terrorism has quicky become an inter and intra state threat to security. This study  has focused on the role of media in the dynamic nature of terrorism. With the growing scope of terrorism it is important to look at the various factors that aid its growth. This study examined the ways in which the media is an active and passive participant in the growth of terrorism. The research problem was to analyse media activities inclusive of their data colection methods and to observe how they helped terrorists including justifying the terrorists’ agendas. The main objective of the study was to   analyse the major role that the media has played and is still playing in the constantly changing  nature of terrorism and terrorist activities.  The study further purposed to find more information on the lengths a state would go to inorder to protect sensitive information that dealt with security policies. The theoretical framework that was applied in the study was the liberal theory that advanced for freedom of expression and access to information especially of the public. The research design used in the study was the non experimental research design where secondary data was used. Focusing on analysing of previously written scholarly articles and news pieces,reports and articles written by security analysts.  The study concluded that the media plays a predominantly large role in the growth of terrorism and it also tried to justify the government’s reasons in withholding sensitive information from the media. The challenges that the study highlighted were miscommunication between the government and the media resulting in unnecessary hostility between the two parties, exaggeration  of news by the media, the use of sensational headlines,preference of ‘infotainment’ and interferance by business conglomerates. The researcher recommended that the government and media find a neutral ground in order to facilitate cooperation and to train journalists on how to handle and report sensitive information.

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