EFFECTS OF TERRORISM ON KENYA AND SOMALIA RELATIONS 1998-2016

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The study set out to investigate the effects of terrorism on Kenya and Somalia relations

1999-2016 Guided by the subsequent objectives; To assess the effect of terrorism on Kenya and Somalia relations, to determine the effects of counter terrorism on the State security of both Kenya Somalia and to Explore Kenyan government’s reaction to threats posed by terrorism. Despite country's hitherto policy   that stresses pursuit of peaceful coexistence with her neighbors ,the disruption of the  relative calm, stability and peace due continued terrorist attacks by al Shabaab, Kenya's response to fight back cannot be overemphasized.   The nation continues to reel from the devastation of such barbaric attack and has witnessed a slow-down in its economic performance. Kenyan borders has created an influx of refugees to Kenya which has brought with it very serious challenges in regard to security. Further blanket treatment of ethnic Kenya Somalis as sympathizers of the terrorist group al Shabaab and subsequent high handed treatment of them could only  serve  to  exasperate  the  community  and  further  complicate  the  fight  against terrorism.  The study concludes that government must understand that the military option to deal with the al Shaab menace alone is not a solution. It needs to develop a softer and more comprehensive approach by showing a greater interest in Somali's endeavor’s in building a state and its security apparatus. Its engagement should, therefore, include diplomatic and development assistance to Somalia. It should strive to be viewed as being friendly to Somalia and its people in these difficult times. The second conclusion is that repatriation constitutes the best alternative for the international community in dealing with refugee problems. However, a prerequisite for repatriation is the existence of a just political settlement accepted by all sides in the conflict. Such a settlement will minimize or eliminate the possibility of refugee’s abroad acting against their home country, with or without the official approval of the receiving states, thereby minimizing the possibilities of conflict between home and host countries. This study recommends that: In order to truly and effectively address the Somali problem, efforts must be concentrated towards the root cause of the problem: the collapse of the Somali state. Unfortunately, the hard truth is that nations capable of making real change in Somalia are far more interested in trade revenue than humanitarian efforts. The key to inspiring true international intervention is convincing such nations that these interests are aligned; that the stabilization of Somalia is key to the elimination of insecurity, both in Somalia and its neighbours, Kenya included. That professionals in the refugee camps, like doctors, engineers, teachers, etc. who by virtue of security reasons are forced to flee their country be identified for their special skills and engage them economically in some productive activities. This way, they would be gainfully employed and would not have time to engage.

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PROF. AMB. MARIA NZOMO
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