The purpose of the study was to examine the role of Counter Terrorism institutions in the fight against terrorism in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to establish the effort of Counter Terrorism institutions in fighting terrorism to reduce threat in Kenya; to outline the role that Counter Terrorism institutions play in helping Kenya fight terrorism; to ascertain the shortcomings of counter-terrorism strategies; to establish ways to combat Terrorism effectively. The researcher employed qualitative approach on secondary data sources, including online and print research articles, government records and institutional publications; scholarly journal articles, technical reports and credible newspaper, websites and books. The study concludes that terrorism attacks have an adverse effect on the economy, politics, geopolitics and environment of Kenya. It will help ensure economic, political, geopolitics and environment of Kenya is maintained and defeat the terrorist groups.
The study recommends that a new and more holistic approach is needed to combat terrorism in Kenya. This are shifts from military-led counter-terrorism to a more holistic approach, which demands a fine balance between the use of the “hard power” and the technologies of “soft power” to win hearts and minds and drains the swamps of radicalization.