The rate of drug trafficking in Africa has increased over the decades; In West Africa, in particular, it has assumed an alarming proportion. Despite existing protocols signed to deal with this illicit trade, the Economic Community of West African States [ECOWAS] receives a report almost daily on the seizure of narcotics from at least one of their members. This chapter provides a preliminary view of the nature and background study of drug trafficking and abuse, and its effects on development and governance, but mainly the security of the people in the region. Rumor, suspicion and conspiracy dominate accounts of criminal-political activity; hence the researcher has attempted to verify received information to the extent possible.
This chapter is organized into different sections. These sections cover different aspects including: the problem of drug trafficking and abuse, plus its historical origin. The chapter also provides research objectives, the literature review, a theoretical framework and the appropriate methodology in order to ensure the required research design and data collection tools are incorporated so as to achieve the goals of this study.