OIL EXPLOITATION IN KENYA: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT IN TURKANA COUNTY

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Oil exploitation is preceded by exploration and Discovery. Exploration is the action of searching an area for natural resources, notably oil. Oil exploration refers to the activities directed towards searching for deposits of Oil that includes: prospecting, seismic and drilling processes that take place before the development of a field is finally decided1.If successful exploration leads to discovery; at discovery exploitation is hatched. Exploration, discovery and exploitation of oil as any other mineral deposit results to varied impacts on the surrounding community: the impacts might be of positive or negative nature to the community.

 

 

 

In her master‘s thesis Charem Chelimo asserts that the exploration activities in Turkana County have lead to economic development in the fact that there has been: development of infrastructure and social amenities; and creation of jobs and business opportunities for local communities. She further indicates that, the explorative activities have caused considerable disruption on the socio- economic and environmental settings in Turkana.2  There is disruption of: pastoralism the main economic activity of the locals; the social culture as foreigners move in with new social behaviors; and the environment by the fact that the natural environment has been degraded due to excavation, seissimic processes, emission of hydrocarbons and dust to the atmosphere. Sometimes the economic benefits can be distributed inequitably among the membership of the

community and this may lead to a situation of poor compensation  for the loss of existing

 

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