THE ROLE OF RELIGION, LAW AND HUMAN RIGHTS IN CONFLICT AND POST CONFLICT OF CASE OF LIBERIA FROM THE FIRST CIVIL WAR (1989) TO PRESENT DAY

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The stability of a given nation is based on enhanced rule of law, religious unity and protection of human rights. This  guarantees  economic,  political and  social development. Thus this paper analyzed the role of religion, law and human rights violations progress during and post conflict in Liberia (1989) civil war. The study also utilized secondary sources of data through the library research and internet.   The data found were analyzed through content analysis. The study established that there were three main religions in Liberia, Christianity, Muslim and Traditional religious beliefs, but from the findings of the study Christianity was the major religion in Liberia. According to the 2008 National Census, 85.5% of Liberian‟s population practices Christianity. Muslims comprise of 12.2% of the population, the traditional indigenous religions are practiced by 0.5% of the population, while 1.8% subscribed to no religion. From the research findings, there was evident to show the level of commitment of religious leaders from different religions including Christians and Muslims to form a committee so as to mediate the peace process during and after the conflict. They did that through a body known as Inter-Religious Council of Liberia (IRCL).Through this body, the religious leaders tried to establish mediation process to broker peace during the conflict but they did not succeed then. This therefore indicated how violations of human rights was common practice in Liberia during and after the conflict to the present day. There were cases of rivalry among religious groups as well and as such encouraged violations of human rights. Furthermore the study findings revealed that there was a complete breakdown on rule of law during the war and immediately after the conflict there was little effort for the situation to return to normalcy and therefore people continued suffering because there continued infighting regardless of the peace agreements signed.

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