Effect of Education on De-radicalization in Mombasa County: A Critical Analysis

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The study provides an overall overview of the de-radicalization process, its track record, and possible long-term success with education as a main determinant in this study. It critically analyzes the link between education and de-radicalization, and whether education, partnered with other factors like economic prosperity and development can play a role in de-radicalizing youths and help to prevent future recruitment of youths in extremist groups. The study attempts to answer the questions on what are some of the drivers to radicalization, the extent to which education can assist in de-radicalization, and examine the challenges facing education in the same regards. The literature review acknowledges the fact that the topic of de-radicalization has not been extensively explored but reviews some of the influential literature with Islamic writings being in the center of it. The study pulls focus towards broadening education to encompass civic education and includes government officials, authorities, civil societies, religious leaders, and the locals to make its results large scale. The theoretical framework is based on the strain theory by E. Durkheim, Maslow‟s human needs, realism and Marxism theory to best explain why youths are driven into extremism. The study finds that in as much as illiteracy may play a part in pushing youths to extremism, it is not a major factor as some of the players in the recent extremist groups are highly educated. It found out that education can play a huge role on how to combat radicalization. Preventing radicalization using education and other factors like ensuring human security, promoting national development and dialogue between government and citizens can go a long way in reducing instances of youth radicalization in future. The conclusion and recommendation suggest that the government can successfully use some of the findings in the study to reduce cases of radicalization and in the end improve human security.

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