International Criminal Court, Governance and Leadership Challenges In Africa

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African states, over the years have had the problem of corrupt governance and bad leadership. This been reflected on the way the citizens of these states are handled. In the attempts to remain in leadership for those in charge, for example, countries like the DRC, Liberia and Kenya, the leaders have gone to the extremes to maintain their positions. And this is where the international criminal court comes in because it was purely formed to handle heinous crimes against humanity. With these states in conflict, the court came in to confront the problem and make those involved answerable to the crimes committed during the conflict. This research focused on the role of the ICC in handling African cases using the case studies of Liberia, Congo and Kenya. The findings show that the court has very mixed experiences and results in the three cases. While in the case of Liberia, those accused were found guilty of crimes against humanity and war crimes, the Congolese and Kenyan cases have not been so successful, with utmost failure in the Kenyan case due to the court’s ineffectiveness and unwillingness of the state to cooperate.  

In as much as justice was given to the victims in Liberia, the research saw that the court could indeed do better in such situations of conflict, to protect human rights and offer fair judgment.

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