POLITICAL GOVERNANCE IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF GENDER BASED PARTICIPATION IN POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS IN KENYA AND UGANDA.

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The  purpose  of  this  research  study  was  to  study  gender  based  participation  in  political institutions in Kenya and in Uganda. To achieve this, the study examined the effect of multiparty democracy on  gender  equality by tracing  the  history of  multi-party democracy  in  the  two countries. Also, this research looks into affirmative action as one of the mechanisms that has been  adopted  to  achieve  gender  equality in  political  institutions  and  whether  the  formulae adopted by each of the countries are effective. Further, it has sought to analyze the impact of increased level of female representation in political institutions on the gender agenda in Kenya and Uganda. The primary data collection method used for this study was interviews, which were conducted by giving the respondents questionnaires with predetermined questions. Also, telephone conversations were another effective tool of collection for the respondents who were not able to fill in the questionnaire physically. The secondary data collection method used was library searches by studying books and journals that have been written on the research topic. The internet was also used to source previous journals and articles. The findings of the research are that gender inequality persists in political institutions in Kenya and Uganda despite the International  instruments  and  laws  that  they  have  put  in  place.  However,  the  researcher concludes that Uganda has made major strides in ensuring that there is gender parity in the political parties and the parliament.

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