Early Warning System is the provision of timely and effective information, through identified institutions, that allows individuals exposed to hazard to take action to avoid or reduce their risk and prepare for effective response. The study purposed to analyze international conflict prevention and management through early warning and response systems in Africa using Kenya.
The study aimed at identifying opportunities and implications for early warning systems in regards to the changing conflicts, so as to impart new strategies on policy makers. The findings were useful to the government in informing the basis of review of early warning systems, which was useful for future conflicts by acting as a baseline study for the improvement thereof. The study applied a cases study design, which is a form of qualitative descriptive research that is used to study issues in their real setting.
The study combined primary and secondary data sources. The study employed purposive sampling when it came to data collection. Primary data was mainly from oral interviews of at least above thirty key informants in the area of study, who dealt with the collection, analysis and dissemination of conflict early warning information.
The study used document and content analysis for analysis of data – this involved both quantitative and qualitative data collected to make general statements on how categories or themes of data are related. The study found that early warning is a major element of disaster risk or conflict reduction. It prevents loss of life and reduces the economic and material impact of disasters.
The study hence concludes that in order for Early Warning to be more efficient in conflict resolution(s), early warning systems need to actively involve the communities at risk, it is also important that the system disseminate messages effectively, in good time and as accurate as is possible.
The study thus recommends prior arrangements to be made by the concerned government(s) to encourage local participation in decision so as to enhance the effective reach of early warning systems. The study further recommends the involvement of the whole community in the reporting of early warning systems, such as; women and men who often play various roles in the society and have different access to information in conflict situations. The study finally recommends that early warning systems should place all its emphasis on early actions that prevent conflicts from escalating.