A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF KENYA’S DIPLOMACY OF CONFLICT MANAGEMENT: CASE OF SOUTH SUDAN 2013-2016

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The Horn of Africa has witnessed many incidences of violent conflicts in the last fewdecades as compared to any other part of the world. Conflict and instability trends in theHorn of Africa make the region one of the most unstable regions in the world. Manyparts of the Horn of Africa remain unable to break free of armed conflicts, violent crime,communal violence, extremism, political instability and state failures that have plaguedthe region for decades. Most of the region‘s zones of armed conflicts and instability todayare concentrated near border areas; pose a major risk of spillover; and feature powerfulcross-border drivers, interests, and actors. In recent years, regional governments havemade a much greater effort to protect their borders, and their renewed commitment toaddress trans-border and spillover conflict issues constitute an important window ofopportunity. However, few regional states have the capacity to effectively administertheir remote, expansive border areas. As a result, much trans-border conflict managementand prevention falls on the shoulders of local communities in partnership with centralgovernments and interstate regional organizations. The resilience and adaptability of thiscollection of local and regional actors are critical factors in determining whether, and towhat extent, cross-border conflict and instability issues are successfully managed. Thestudy focused on the following major areas: The overview of conflict in Africa; Ananalysis of the Somali Peace Process and Sudan peace process, the causes of conflict andthe impact of spill over conflict into Kenya from the conflict in the Horn of Africa. Thestudy aimed at assessing the impact of conflicts in the horn of Africa with a special focuson Kenya. The study used the realism theory to explain conflicts and internationalrelations. To undertake the study, the researcher utilized library and internet research. Inthis case, published and unpublished data was used to put issues into context and tojustify the research study. All these materials were explored to help understand theprevailing situation in other parts of the world. The findings of the study revealed thatresolution and management of conflicts in the horn of Africa has posed a major challengeto regional organizations, states, regional and the international community. The conflictsin the Northern Region of Kenya are no exception.

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