Non-Governmental Organizations and the Fight against Poaching and Illegal Trade In Wildlife and Wildlife Products in Kenya

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This research project looks at the impact of non-governmental organizations in the fight against poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products in Kenya. The aim was to find out exactly what impact, if any, these NGOs have in this fight for survival of Kenya’s majestic wildlife. To do so, the project looked at the activities NGOs engage in to safeguard Kenya’s wildlife from poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and wildlife products. Some of the activities NGOs were found to be carrying out towards this cause of wildlife conservation is the use media campaigns such as the Hands Off Our Elephants campaign by Wildlife Direct, and use of technological devices such as Global Positioning System (GPS) fitted radio collars on wildlife such as elephants, in order to track their movement and help protect them better. Moreover, the project assessed the factors which affect an NGOs’ capability to carry out its function of conserving Kenya’s wildlife from poaching and illegal trade in the wildlife and the resultant products such as ivory and rhino horn. Among the factors which were analyzed are corruption (which is rampant in Kenya) and weak laws and judicial structures and their implementation. Other factors which were highlighted include increased demand by Far East states like China fuelling supply of these ivory and rhino horn products by countries like Kenya, most of which are acquired and sold illegally. These broad categories helped inform the main objective of the study which is to find out the impact of NGOs in the battle for survival of Kenya’s wildlife. While the research project noted that indeed, NGOs are playing a significant role in preventing Kenya’s wildlife from going extinct such as through raising awareness on the matter and advocating for tougher wildlife and wildlife related laws, it also notes that a lot still needs to be done towards ensuring that Kenya’s wildlife still exists for posterity 

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