COPING WITH TERRORISM AMONG BORDER COMMUNITIES IN NORTH EASTERN KENYA: A CASE STUDY OF MANDERA TOWNSHIP 2013-2015

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This paper examines the efforts of coping with terrorism among border communities in the Northern Eastern Kenya, a case of Mandera Township 2013-2015. It provides an overview of the apparent vulnerability of the region to increasing terrorist related activities and the weak capacities of country to respond. Descriptive survey research designs were used in preliminary and  exploratory  study  to  allow  researchers  to  gather  information,  summarize,  present  and interpret for the purpose of clarification. The targeted population consisted of government officials and host communities specifically the ministry of education officials, ministry of health and the interior ministry. Data was collected primarily via interviews. The paper argues that although significant progress is being made to develop coherent coping approaches in Northern Eastern Kenya, many challenges remain. They include extreme intra- and interstate conflict, increasing  Islamic  radicalization,  lack  of  state  capacity,  competing  national  priorities,  and political sensitivity surrounding the very notion of counterterrorism. Most counter-terrorism efforts have focused on short-term security and law enforcement efforts, which negatively affect longer-term measures to tackle the primary conditions that encourage the spread of terrorism. The study further recommends research on governments need to develop effective regulation in curbing the influx of Somali refugees into the country and neutralize the youth radicalization as they are proving to be a security nuisance.

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