Climate change represents the latest threat and environmental drivers of human conflict in the recent decades. Some analysts have labeled climate change as the parent reason of security problems in the region and a report by UNEP in 2007, warned of a succession of new wars across Africa which is climate change if it is not dealt with as it should. The study seeks to answer questions on the effects of climate change induced pastoral conflicts in Northern Kenya and the role of the existing regimes and institutions in dealing with climate change in the East Africa. The objectives of the research study will be to integrate the interplay between climate change and pastoral conflicts in the East Africa and specifically in the case of Northern Kenya. The research study will use the resource-scarcity theory to explain the occurrences of conflict in the East Africa and Northern Kenya and it will examine the various scholars who actually think that scarcity of resources will lead to conflict. Also, both qualitative and quantitative research designs will be used to collect data and use inductive and deductive research so as to attempt to find out the implications of climate change on the pastoral conflicts in East Africa and in Northern Kenya. From the research study, the key findings of the study are that East Africa generally and the Northern Kenya specifically is vulnerable to pastoral and climatic changes. And that, there have been regimes and institutions which have helped in curbing the menace of climate change but more effort has to be put in working together with the policy makers so that the policies put in place will be more effective to help curb the effects of climate change.