THE ROLE OF INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES IN ENVIRONMENTAL CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN THE HORN OF AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF JONGLEI CANAL.

Printer-friendly versionPDF version

The   study   examines   the   role   of   indigenous   community   in   environmental   conflict management by taking Jonglei Canal in South Sudan as a case study. The study begins by providing  a  background  to  environmental  conflicts  in  Jonglei  Canal,  then  reviews  the methods used by the indigenous community to resolve environmental conflicts in broadly. It then specifically looks  at  the role of indigenous  communities  in  environmental  conflict resolution in Jonglei Canal, South Sudan and also evaluates the opportunities and challenges faced  this  indigenous  community.  The study hypothesized  that  1) there is  a significant relationship  between  the  role  of  indigenous  communities  and  environmental  conflict resolution and 2) that the continuation of the environmental conflict in Jonglei Canal is partly attributed to weak Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution (CPMR).

 

 

The study was conceptualized using the Dual concern model of conflict resolution and draws largely on primary data. The study results indicate that that there are indigenous rules and ways of preventing and managing the environmental conflicts with the key method being reconciliation. The community is united through cultural shows aimed at fostering intercommunity peace.  Sharing of environmental resources, however, still poses a challenge as evidenced in the emergence of environmental conflicts. The study discusses this challenge relating to environmental conflicts and provides recommendations on areas of improvement in solving these conflicts in Jonglei Canal. Among the recommendations include the need to promote community resource management peace initiatives, establish youth/economic empowerment programmers including in the areas of agriculture, continued disarmament by the government of South Sudan which processes that should be done in a more humane way, respect for the rule of law and development of relevant legislation. It also calls for improved security in the community by the increasing the number of law enforcers and the need to promote public education on resource-based conflicts through awareness campaigns.

The Director's Message

PROF. AMB. MARIA NZOMO
Read message from the Director >>

Contacts

P. O. Box 30197 - 00100Nairobi, KENYA.
Tel: 318262 Ext. 28087/28380
Fax: 245566/251933
Email: director-idis@uonbi.ac.ke

Locate us

Community Outreach

Media Center

UoN Website | UoN Repository | ICTC Website


Copyright © 2017. ICT WebTeam, University of Nairobi