FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION AS A FORM STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE IN MAASAI COMMUNITIES OF KENYA

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Female genital  mutilation  (FGM) refers  is  a  term  used  to  describe  various  traditional  practices  that  involve the partial  or total  removal  of  the  external female  genitalia   for  cultural   and  traditional  reasons. FGM  has  been  a  common  practice  in  a  number  of  countries,  predominantly in  Africa. The  study  focuses  on  the  experience  of  violence  that women  undergo in  Maasai  communities, and the  consequences   involved  before  and  after  the  mutilation. The study specifically sought to critically examine FGM as a form of structural violence and also how FGM is practiced in Maasai communities of Kenya. The study used secondary analysis where various existing publications were reanalyzed to make more concrete conclusions. The study concluded that FGM is highly prevalent among the Maasai community. The research also approved that the Maasai are a community that is confidential in its affairs of life whereby they design how they live by preventing their cultural erosion in the modernization and this has been a key barrier to the prevention, fight and eradication of the FGM in the Maasai. The study identified that some slight changes have occurred in the Maasai’s way of life with the various policies put in place to curb FGM and other malpractices. As this continues, it is really desired that the continued fight to transform some of the harmful traditions such as FGM will indeed bare fruits.

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