THE IMPACT OF THE WAR ON TERROR IN THE HORN OF AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF KENYA

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Kenya has been a victim of terror attacks since 1998 to date. This study advanced the hypothesis that Kenyan government has had no adequate legislation in fighting terrorism and  that  the  Kenyan  government‟s war  on  terror  has  impacted  negatively  on  the government‟s relation  with  its  Muslim Community.  The study hypothesizes  that  the government had no adequate legislation in fighting terrorism.  The study   finds out that there has been various challenges both local and regional have reduced the effectiveness of her counterterrorism effort. The study observes that the terrorism challenge is not unique to Kenya but has its origins in the Middle East with its prevalence being a result of global geopolitics and has spread to Kenya due to her regional positioning and the historical context of Kenya‟s colonial legacy and path to economic development.

 

The study details the contributory role that radical Islamism has had on the growth of terrorism in the region and in Kenya in particular. It also examines the various multi sectorial efforts instituted since 2004 in curbing this security threat. The study concludes that Horn of Africa had witnessed numerous conflicts since independence which have impacted on the current trends in terrorist attacks in the region. This could be attributed to the fact  that  government  systems  are weak,  corrupt,  and  warring when  it  comes  to fighting the menace, Somalia is seen as fertile ground for Islamists fundamentalists and terrorists. There has been radicalization by clerics in mosques in Coast provinces; they were recruiting both Muslims and non-Muslims citizens in Kenya for militancy. Terror attacks in the country have had a debilitating effect on the socio-economic and political wellbeing  of  the  nation.  The  GoK  had  taken  different  initiatives  counter  terrorism agenda; including the use of her foreign policy strategy; diplomacy, military, and law enforcement agencies. The study recommendations that t; the government should equip the law enforcement agencies in terms of regular training and providing them with latest technology in order for the law enforcers to effectively handle terrorist in Kenya. The GoK in partnership with her friendly nations in the region and greater horn of Africa need to establish a Terrorist Counter Intelligence Joint Taskforce that will incorporate local law-enforcement agencies and the community in order to assist in the covert screening of suspected terrorist operatives. The government should have tight controls which are free of corrupt officials in all the country‟s entry points and that the government needs to discourage youth radicalization in the coastal and north eastern province by addressing hi9storical injustices that deny youth source of better livelihood.

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PROF. AMB. MARIA NZOMO
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