This section gives a background of the research and provides the current situation and historical trends to the situation to enable the reader to have an idea of what is happening, how the government of Kenya has been taking in refugees from all countries over the world. For more than a generation, the government and people of Kenya have been generously providing asylum for hundreds of thousands of refugees from across the region. Few countries in Africa can claim to be as flexible and as accommodating on the asylum regime as Kenya has made available to those escaping persecution or war in neighboring states.
In recent months the Kenyan government has been increasing its public rhetoric around an imminent return of refugees to Somalia, in light of progress made by the Kenyan military in ‘Liberating’ areas from Al-Shabaab control. Although there have been some positive developments inside Somalia, the situation remains too unstable for a mass repatriation. A UNHCR survey conducted early this year indicates that the majority of camp residents would not willingly return to Somalia under current circumstances.