AMNESTY IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION: A CASE STUDY OF UGANDA’S LORD’S RESISTANCE ARMY (LRA).

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Northern Uganda has been faced with numerous wars where it is one of the places considered to have had the longest running conflicts in Africa. In this respect, the “Lord’s Resistance Army” as the key protagonist has played a big role in such wars[1]. The warin the northern Ugandahas been between the LRA and the Ugandan government (GoU) and was ever referred to as the worst global forgotten crisis and as such, it has had a significant impact on post independence Uganda. The effect of this war on civilian population was brutal and protracted[2].The “Cessation of Hostilities Agreement” signing between LRA and GoUin 2006 led to the subsidizing of direct hostilities. This agreement signing was under South Sudan government auspices and as such, the LRA had to move to the eastern part of Democratic Republic of Congo despite having subsequent peace talks in Juba and hence, the insurgency never ended. Consequently, northern Uganda was seen to be relatively calm and thus, declared to be a post conflict region and increasedchances for recovery. 

 

Apuuli[3] noted that despite both economical and political divisions together with human rights violations, cyclical and multiple conflicts as well as weak sense of national identity, Uganda still enjoys stability.  In northern Uganda, the armed conflict origin can be traced back to ethnic mistrust that was propagated by colonial rulers. In this case, many people in the northern region were recruited by British colonial administration to work in plantations as laborers in the southern part of Uganda. These laborers are seen to later join the armed forces and on the other hand people from the southern and central part of Uganda got most of the civil service jobs

 

Uganda enjoys stability though there are divisions both political and economical, with a legacy of multiple and cyclical conflicts and grave human rights violations, and a correspondingly weak sense of national identity that will lay the foundations for future conflicts.

 

 

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PROF. AMB. MARIA NZOMO
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